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可靠性制造宣言 (Manifesto of Reliability-centered Manufacturing)
发表时间:2020-10-26 阅读次数:1167次

 

可靠性制造宣言

        曾经有这样一片土地,人们播撒了优良的种子,秋天享受了收获的快乐。然而不远的地方,同样有一块土地,穷人们用劣等的种子播种,春天,这两块土地上的花粉在春风的吹拂下混杂在一起,于是原来丰收的土地大幅减产。在一个万物关联的生态世界里,任何強调自己优先的个人或是群体,最后均会走向平均,他会赢在一时,却不能持续发展。因此,我们不得不要考虑彼此的依存,必须一起去开发最好的种子,一起精心培育,共同去收获未来!

        在新冠疫情肆虐的当下,中国曾经是受病毒侵害最为严重的国家,我们经历了死亡的威胁,我们英勇地抗击病毒,才换来了一片相对干净与和平的土地,然而,在世界其他地方的人们,却仍然处于新冠病毒入侵的惊恐之中。在这个人类命运的共同体中,我们必须认识到没有了人类的共同安全,一个国家、一个地区就很难独善其身,因此我们需要联合起来共同战胜全球之疫。随着人造技术系统的日益复杂和大型化,一个有缺陷的技术系统所导致的灾难,常常也是跨区域与跨国家的,如人所共知的福岛核电事故,它对人类的影响还远未终结!正是在这样一个科学逻辑的基础上,我们必须追求更加可靠的制造和建造,为了使它能持续造福人类,我们需要倡导一个生态健康的制造模式,促进合作、促进共享,共同打造可靠的产业链和创新链。

        可靠性为中心的制造(RcM)以优质与高可靠性为目标,追求共同进步,拒绝脱钩。它贯穿产品的全寿命周期,以前一代产品出现的问题、故障、失效为依据,吸纳新的知识,在新材料开发、产品设计、制造与运行维护等环节紧密合作,达成更高的可靠性目标,由此实现产品的迭代创新;它兼容并包数字制造、智能制造等高效制造模式;分享和共赢是其核心价值理念。结构完整性的理论、方法与技术在可靠性制造的每一个环节均可以发挥重要作用。

        可靠性制造需要所有利益相关方从创新设计,产品制造到工程应用全过程的密切合作。人类要以最优的方式利用自然资源、技术资源和人力资源,以造福社会! 我们必须重视全球联合,科学家、工程师、经济与社会学者必须发挥各自的智慧,提供强大的技术支撑、企业与社会的科学管治方法。只要是真正为民着想、为世界未来谋划的政治家,均应从善如流,为建设一个更加开放的世界,倡导全球制造业的合理分工与合作。

        在这合作与脱钩、智慧与愚昧、光明与黑暗同在的时代,我们比任何时候都更需要勇气,才能实现可靠性制造的美好未来,或许我们永远无法达成百分之百的可靠,但它激励我们永远为之奋斗。

        全世界结构完整性工作者们联合起来!       

        全世界制造者们联合起来!

涂善东

2020年10月22日

 

 

Manifesto of Reliability-centered Manufacturing

        Once there was a piece of land; farmers used to sow the seed of good quality, and then harvest with joy in Autumn. At a nearby land, however, the poor family could only afford the seeds of inferior quality to plant; in spring, pollens of the two fields mingled in the breeze, thus leading to an appreciable yield reduction in the land used to have high yield. In such an ecological world that everything is interconnected, any individual or group that puts his or her own interests first, will eventually end up with mediocrity; one might win for a time but would not last for long. Hence, we cannot help but interdepend and support each other. We must develop best seeds together, nurture them carefully together, and harvest bountifully together in the future.

        As of today, Covid-19 pandemic is still wreaking havoc throughout the globe. China was once plagued the worst amongst all the nations; we lived through the death threat by fighting bravely with the virus, and eventually managed to obtain a relatively clean and peaceful land. People in some other parts of the worlds, however, are still at the dreadful mercy of the coronavirus. In this pandemic, we see the community of common destiny for all mankind and must realize that, without the common safety for all human beings, no nations or regions could continue to thrive. Therefore, people ought to unite to fight in solidarity against the pandemic. In light of the fact that artificial technological systems become increasingly sophisticated and large scaling, any disaster that results from a defective technological system becomes more often than not trans-regional or even trans-national. For example, the aftermath of the well-known Fukushima nuclear disaster is still far from ending. Right based on this scientific logic, we must pursue more reliable manufacturing and construction. To make reliable manufacturing benefit people in a sustainable manner, we ought to propose an ecofriendly manufacturing mode which encourages cooperation and promotes sharing, and ought to build together a reliable product chain and an innovation chain.

        Reliability-centered Manufacturing (RcM) aims at good quality and high reliability, pursues common progress, and refuses decoupling. It resides in the whole life cycle of a product, that is, in consideration of the problems, malfunctions and failures encountered in the last generation of the product, RcM requires absorbing new knowledge, and close collaboration in the development of new materials, product design, manufacturing and operation maintenance whereby achieving higher reliability goals and realizing the iterative innovation of the product. Moreover, RcM entails digital manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing and other efficient manufacturing modes; sharing and win-win are its core values. The theory, method and technology of structural integrity can play an important role in every link of RcM.

        Reliability-centered Manufacturing requires close cooperation of all stakeholders throughout the whole process from innovative design, product manufacturing to engineering applications. Human beings should make the optimal use of natural, technical and human resources for the benefit of the global community! We must attach importance to global alliances; scientists, engineers, economic and social science scholars should use their own wisdom to provide a powerful technical support, and scientific approaches for the governance of business and society. As long as it is a politician who truly thinks for the people and plans for the future of the world, he or she should follow good advice as naturally as a river follows its course so as to build a more open world, and should advocate rational division of labor and cooperation in global manufacturing industry

        It is times of coupling, it is times of decoupling, it is the age of wisdom, it is the age of foolishness, it is the season of Light, it is the season of Darkness. It is ALSO an era when courage is needed more than ever in making RcM to come true in the future. We may never ever achieve 100 percent reliability, but it stimulates us all to keep on fighting for good.

        Unite the world's structural integrity workers!

        Unite the world's manufacturers!

Shan-Tung Tu

October 22, 2020

*注:英文版由华东理工大学博士生张坤翻译。